What is ultrasonic consolidation used for?

Ultrasonic consolidation (UC) is a novel additive manufacturing process developed for fabrication of metallic parts from foils. While the process has been well demonstrated for part fabrication in Al alloy 3003, some of the potential strengths of the process have not been fully explored.

How Ultrasonic Consolidation works?

The process works by scrubbing metal foils together with ultrasonic vibrations under pressure in a continuous fashion, i.e., sheet lamination classification in additive manufacturing. Melting is not the formation mechanism.

What is ultrasonic consolidation in sheet lamination process?

It uses a localized energy source, mostly ultrasonic or laser, to bind a stack of precisely cut metal sheets to form a 3D object [45]. The most commonly used manufacturing technique is ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) or ultrasonic consolidation (UC), which was introduced and patented by White [46,47].

What are the different types of sheet lamination process?

The seven types of sheet lamination processes are Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM), Selective Lamination Composite Object Manufacturing (SLCOM), Computer-Aided Manufacturing of Laminated Engineering Materials (CAM-LEM), Plastic Sheet Lamination (PSL), Selective Deposition Lamination (SDL), Composite Based Additive

What material is used for laminating?

Thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics are equally used in laminating and coating textile industry. In 2002 primary materials used included polyvinyl acetate, acrylics, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethanes, and natural and synthetic rubbers.

What is used for lamination?

Although sheet lamination can use a wide variety of materials, such as paper, polymer, ceramic and metal, each material uses different binding methods. The most common sheet lamination material is paper with pre-applied adhesive where heat and pressure are used to activate the adhesive layer.

Which is an advantage of laminated plastic process?

The Lamination process encloses and bonds printed pieces between two pieces of clear plastic film. This transparent film adds strength, rigidity and protection, which extends the life of the printed pieces. Lamination also enhances the appearance of the printing by deepening and brightening the ink colors.

What is metal lamination?

What are laminations? Laminations are an imperfection in a steel or alloy, resulting from blisters, seams, foreign material, and/or scratches on an ingot or billet that are not repaired during the rolling process.


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